Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a new pediatric challenge

Authors

  • Lutvo Sporišević Public Institution Health Centre of Sarajevo Canton, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8075-961X
  • Senka Mesihović-Dinarević Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Anes Jogunčić Public Health Institute of Sarajevo Canton, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Aida Pilav Public Health Institute of Sarajevo Canton, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2020.972

Keywords:

COVID-19 , Children, specificity, epidemiology, protective factors

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) is a pandemic disease that is today a global public health problem caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2). COVID-19 is a disease of middle and old age, but clinical expression may also be present in childhood. Asymptomatic and mild clinical forms are most often present in persons aged 0-19, but severe clinical forms such as, among others, acute respiratory distress syndrome and multisystem inflammatory syndrome may occur. In addition to presenting the epidemiology, clinical symptomatology of COVID-19, the authors consider certain specifics of COVID-19, that is, possible reasons for the lower incidence of the disease as well as unusual and rare clinical forms of the disease in children. The current activities of health professionals in the supervision of COVID-19 are mainly focused on early detection, isolation and treatment of patients, isolation of contacts, the regular and thorough practice of respiratory hygiene, hand hygiene, and physical distancing. Future efficient and safe vaccination will solve the biggest global medical challenge caused by the new coronavirus in the best possible manner.

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Published

2020-09-21

How to Cite

Sporišević, L., Mesihović-Dinarević, S., Jogunčić, A., & Pilav, A. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a new pediatric challenge. Journal of Health Sciences, 10(2), 103-108. https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2020.972

Issue

Section

Reviews