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The legitimate website of the Journal of Health Sciences is <strong></strong>. <br />If you have been a victim of the fraudulent website please report it here: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow"></a></div> <div> <p><strong><em><br />The Journal of Health Sciences</em></strong> is an international, open access, peer-reviewed, and evidence-based scientific journal published by the University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Health Studies (UNSA FHS; <a href=""> ;</a> <a href="" rel="noopener nofollow"></a>).</p> <p>The Journal's mission is to promote excellence in nursing and a range of disciplines and specialties of <a href="" rel="noopener nofollow">allied health professions</a>. It welcomes submissions from international academic and health professionals community. The Journal publishes evidence-based articles with solid and sound methodology, clinical application, description of best clinical practices, and discussion of relevant professional issues or perspectives. 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Concern for nutritious and safe food is as ancient as humankind itself, and many of the food safety issues that persist today are not new. Diverse records from the ancient world, as well as the religious writings of the three monotheist religions, actually refer to food, its intake, and prohibitions, as well as pathological diseases that may follow from inappropriate intake. Over time, food safety has evolved into a scientific discipline concerned with the handling, preparation, transport, and distribution of food to avoid the transmission of illnesses. The current state of food safety knowledge is the result of past discoveries, innovations, and laws. In modern times, the right to consume safe food is a fundamental human right. It contributes to and promotes sustainable development while supporting the economy, trade, and tourism. Nevertheless, despite significant improvements, we still know relatively little about food-borne illnesses and how infections affect humans.</p> Daniel Maestro Sabina Šegalo Arzija Pašalić Nerma Maestro Amir Čaušević Copyright (c) 2022 Daniel Maestro, Sabina Šegalo, Arzija Pašalić, Nerma Maestro, Amir Čaušević 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 12 3 178 183 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1914 A cross-sectional study of the antibiotic resistant prevalence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Vietnam <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Antibiotic resistance in Enterobacteriaceae producing extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) is increasing. Accurate evaluation of antibiotic resistance rates in various categories of bacteria assists medical physicians in recommending suitable indications for their medical problems, improving treatment efficiency, and minimizing dangers for patients. As a result, we undertook this research to assess the prevalence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae as well as the rate of antibiotic resistance in ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A cross-sectional study was conducted on 2716 patients at the An Giang Central General Hospital from June 2020 to June 2021. Data collection was based on interviews and used SPSS 18.0 and GraphPad Prism 9 for data analysis and presentation. Samples included urine, blood, sputum, and pus. Samples were treated with the Phoenix 100 automated machine to separate and identify samples.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The highest rate was 64.8% for Escherichia coli, followed by 30.2% for Klebsiella pneumoniae. Proteus mirabilis and Klebsiella oxytoca were found in 4.5% and 0.6% of the samples, respectively. Ampicillin resistance was greatest in E. coli (96.5%), K. pneumonia (92.4%), and K oxytoca (83.3%). The frequency of resistance to the other antibiotics was likewise extremely high, approaching 60%. Tobramycin, Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Cefoxitin, and Nitrofurantoin were totally resistant to K. oxytoca in the ESBL-producing group. E. coli and K. pneumoniae with ESBL-producing genes also have a high antibiotic resistance rate of more than 50%.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> E. coli was the most common pathogenic bacteria. Most of the species of bacteria resisted Ampicillin.</p> Hung Do Tran Binh Trung Nguyen Hien Quang Tran Hung Gia Tran Copyright (c) 2022 Hung Do Tran, Binh Trung Nguyen, Hien Quang Tran, Hung Gia Tran 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 12 3 184 188 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1689 Longitudinal changes in the prevalence of dental fear and anxiety in 9–12-year-old children in clinical setting in Bosnia and Herzegovina <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Dental fear and anxiety (DFA) is a ubiquitous entity among dental patients in terms of their prevalence and incidence. It is among the major clinical problems in dentistry. In addition, the differences in DFA prevalence were present considering the age and gender of patients and over time, but with some opposite reports. The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of DFA presence in children concerning their age, gender, and over time.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The survey sample comprised 200 of 9–12-year-old children. The DFA presence was determined twice by the modified version of the CFSS-DS scale (CFSS-DS-mod scale) during a 6-months long period between the first and the subsequent dental appointment due to the need for restorative dental treatment. The scale was applied before the restorative treatment started on both occasions.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The prevalence of DFA was 17.5% in the study sample and decreased over time. It was slightly higher in girls.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The DFA prevalence in 9–12-year-old children is decreasing over time. Latent manifestations of DFA presence should be considered for evaluation in the future.</p> Elmedin Bajrić Amila Zukanović Nina Marković Amra Arslanagić Selma Zukić Lajla Hasić-Branković Copyright (c) 2022 Elmedin Bajrić, Amila Zukanović, Nina Marković, Amra Arslanagić, Selma Zukić, Lajla Hasić-Branković 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 12 3 189 192 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1799 The prevalence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella in raw shrimp and octopus in Campeche, Mexico <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogenic bacteria in seafood, especially shrimp and octopus, are significant public health concerns and are able to be transmitted to humans in foodstuffs, particularly when they are of animal origin. The present study was conducted to measure the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and prevalence of Salmonella isolates obtained from octopus and shrimp in San Francisco de Campeche, Mexico.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Two hundred shrimp and octopus samples (one hundred each) were collected from the municipal market, and each sample consisted of 100 g. The present study used conventional methods to identify and isolate Salmonella, with the disk-diffusion method used to screen all isolates for sensitivity to 12 antibiotics.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The prevalence of Salmonella was found to be 56% and 45% in shrimp and octopus, respectively. The high levels of Salmonella observed in the municipal market sampled by the present study reveal poor sanitary conditions in the processing and transport of the products of interest and those handling them at the point of sale. All the Salmonella strains were resistant to at least three antimicrobial classes. All shrimp isolates (100%) presented susceptibility to chloramphenicol and the majority (88%) presented sensitivity to ciprofloxacin, while the strains isolated in the octopus individuals sampled presented sensitivity to both the foregoing antibiotics (74% and 90%, respectively).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Based on the high prevalence in the samples analyzed, our results suggest that shrimp and octopus could be involved in Salmonella infections in the population.</p> David Tirado Torres Carlos Armando Chan Keb Jocelyn Gutiérrez Alcántara Román Alberto Pérez Balan Ake Canché Baldemar Guadalupe Vázquez Rodríguez Trejo Ramírez Perla Mayari José Luis Aragón Gastélum Betti Sarabia Alcocer Eduardo Jahir Gutierrez Alcantara Copyright (c) 2022 David Tirado Torres, Chan Keb Carlos Armando, Jocelyn Gutiérrez Alcántara, Pérez Balan Román Alberto, Ake Canché Baldemar, Guadalupe Vázquez Rodríguez, Trejo Ramírez Perla Mayari, Aragón Gastélum José Luis, Betti Sarabia Alcocer, Eduardo Jahir Gutiérrez Alcántara 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 12 3 193 197 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1752 Thoracosurgical treatment of pleural complications in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): A cross-sectional study <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Pleural complications in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are relatively uncommon findings. Pleural involvement in these patients may directly correlate to disease severity and overall prognosis. We aimed to review clinical features and treatment approaches for pleural complications (accumulation of fluid/air inside the pleural cavity) in 45 patients with COVID-19, who were treated at our institution between April 2020 and October 2021.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Our study was designed as single-center, observational, cross-sectional study of 45 patients with COVID-19 and at least one radiologically verified pleural complication. Demographic data, radiological findings, as well as type and number of thoracosurgical intervention(s) were recorded for every patient. We included patients of both genders and various age groups, with positive RT-PCR assay for COVID-19 and radiologic features of pleural complications, which required single or multiple thoracosurgical interventions.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Unilateral pleural complications were more common, right-sided pleural complications were found in 44.4% of patients. Right-sided pneumothorax was reported in 26.7% of patients. Almost one-fourth of our patients required invasive mechanical ventilation. Tube thoracostomy was performed in 84.4% of patients with unilateral pleural complications. A fatal outcome was most common in patients over 60 years old. More than half of patients with bilateral pleural complications died in our study.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Pleural complications are a rare finding in patients with COVID-19. Tube thoracostomy is the mainstay of treatment for most symptomatic patients with pleural complications. Future research should be directed toward investigation of long-term pulmonary consequences in patients with COVID-19.</p> Alma Alihodžić-Pašalić Ilijaz Pilav Veljko Marić Orhan Čustović Kenan Kadić Meho Dapčević Ademir Hadžismailović Alen Pilav Enisa Ademović Copyright (c) 2022 Alma Alihodžić-Pašalić, Ilijaz Pilav, Veljko Marić, Orhan Čustović, Kenan Kadić, Meho Dapčević, Ademir Hadžismailović, Alen Pilav, Enisa Ademović 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 12 3 198 202 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1917 The effect of immersion in beverages and dental bleaching agents on the surface roughness of resin composites <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Composite materials may be exposed to chemicals in food and beverages in the oral cavity, which can lead to changes in surface roughness. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the surface roughness of two restorative materials after exposure to coffee and green tea followed by a dental bleaching procedure.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> For nanofilled composite and microhybrid composite, 15 samples each were fabricated. Five specimens from each composite were stored in instant coffee and green tea for 4 h a day. After 30 days of immersion, specimens received dental at-home bleaching, using 16% carbamide peroxide (CP), for 7 h a day. The control group was stored in deionized water for 30 days. Surface roughness was determined by profilometry 24 h after polymerization, after 30 days of immersion, and after bleaching. The data were analyzed using a t-test for paired samples and mixed analysis of variance, at a 0.05 significance level.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Neither beverages nor CP treatment significantly altered the surface roughness of the composites. There was no difference between the tested composite materials regarding roughness.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Surface roughness of the microhybrid and nanohybrid composites was not modified by coffee, green tea, and subsequent whitening treatment.</p> Samra Korać Irmina Tahmiščija Lajla Hasić-Branković Elmedin Bajrić Aida Džanković Alma Konjhodžić Almira Softić Copyright (c) 2022 Samra Korać, Irmina Tahmiščija, Lajla Hasić-Branković, Elmedin Bajrić, Aida Džanković, Alma Konjhodžić, Almira Softić 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 12 3 203 207 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1884 Morphological analysis and clinical significance of the opening of the third coronary artery <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The human heart is in most cases vascularized by two coronary arteries, the right coronary artery (RCA) and the left coronary artery. The supernumerary coronary artery, which arises independently from the right aortic sinus and passes through sub-epicardial adipose tissue of the pulmonary conus and anterior side of the right ventricle is called the third coronary artery (TCA).</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This study consisted of 28 formalin-fixed adult human cadaveric hearts. The presence of the TCA was determined. The position of the orifice of the right and excess arteries in relation to the sinotubular junction was determined, and then also the position of the orifice of the excess arteries “on the o’clock level” in relation to the orifice of the RCA. The radius of these orifices and their distance from the orifice of the RCA were measured. The angle between the aorta and TCA, as well as RCA and conus branch, was measured.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> A total 11 of specimens had supernumerary arteries. A supernumerary artery was found in two hearts. The angle formed by the aorta with the TCA was 60.09 ± 17.57, while the angle between the aorta and the conus branch had an average value of 89.88 ± 15.92. The orifices of all supernumerary arteries were located below the level of the sinotubular junction. The average diameter of the TCA was 1.49 mm ± 0.41. The average distance between the TCA orifice and the RCA orifice was 2.21 mm ± 1.03. In 45.45% cases, the orifice of TCA was located at the 10 o’clock level.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The present study highlights the presence of the TCA. It may constitute a significant collateral circulation contributing to apical and septal perfusion. Interpretation of signs and symptoms of coronary occlusion should therefore include possible contribution of this vascular channel.</p> Almira Lujinović Lejla Dervišević Esad Ćosović Zurifa Ajanović Dina Kapić Esad Pepić Copyright (c) 2022 Almira Lujinović, Lejla Dervišević, Esad Ćosović, Zurifa Ajanović, Dina Kapić, Esad Pepić 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 12 3 208 212 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1889 Influence of motion therapy on daily life activities of people with lumbar pain syndrome <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Lumbar pain syndrome (LPS) is defined as pain or discomfort localized between the edge of the twelfth rib and the lower gluteal region, with or without spread to the lower extremities, and, depending on the etiology and degree of symptomatology, can have negative consequences and be one of the main reasons for work disability and absenteeism worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of exercise therapy on the activities of daily living of a person with LPS.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This prospective, longitudinal, and randomized controlled trial was conducted from June 2014 to June 2016. It included 200 subjects with symptoms of LPS, both sexes, aged 30 to 50 years, sedentary and standing occupations, randomized and equally divided into two groups: Examined (n = 100) and the control group (n = 100). In this study, the Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire was used after clinical examination.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The percentage of disability according to the Oswestry disability index at the first examination was 31.78 ± 14.11% in the participants of the test group and 38.74 ± 17.48% in the participants of the control group (p = 0.002). After the second examination, the percentage of disability was 6.64 ± 3.15% in the test group and 23.92 ± 14.84% in the control group (p = 0.001). At the end of the examination, the percentage of disability was 2.36 ± 0.78% in the subjects of the test group and 13.82 ± 11.25% in the subjects of the control group (p = 0.001). A statistically significant difference was found in all three examinations, and the reduction in the percentage of disability was greater in the study group, p &lt; 0.05.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The research conducted showed that motion therapy procedures focused on achieving natural spinal mobility and improving trunk muscle strength are effective in reducing</p> Eldad Kaljić Arzija Pašalić Bakir Katana Amra Mačak Hadžiomerović Samir Bojičić Amila Jaganjac Naim Salkić Copyright (c) 2022 Eldad Kaljić, Arzija Pašalić, Bakir Katana, Amra Mačak Hadžiomerović, Samir Bojičić, Amila Jaganjac, Naim Salkić 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 12 3 213 222 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1975 The frequency of the use of information and communication technologies in school age children and musculoskeletal disorders connected with their use <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> information and communication technology (ICT) has multiplied its availability and use, resulting in enormous usage, especially among school-age children, who use it for an average of 7.5 hours per day. The amount of time adolescents spend in front of electronic screens has increased significantly between the ages of 10 and 14, but there are significant gender changes. For boys, this increase is 41.6 minutes per day, while for girls it is 22.7 minutes per day.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The study is designed as an epidemiological, cross-sectional, descriptive-analytic, comparative study. The study will be conducted in the form of an online questionnaire on the Microsoft Forums platform during the period 12/15/2021 to 12/30/2021. Respondents were able to access the request for consent using a link and a QR code, which was previously signed by a parent/guardian giving consent for children to participate in this study.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results of this study show that school-aged children generally use cell phones with a touch screen between 2 and 3 hours daily during the work week (39.2%) and TV (39.5%). Pain caused by ICT use in the past 12 months occurred mainly in the neck/shoulder area (42.4%), while pain in the previous month occurred mainly in the lower extremities (29.1%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Increased use of ICT devices was associated with higher levels of musculoskeletal symptoms. The higher pain burden in various body parts is of concern, and further research on the effects of ICT device use in adolescents is needed and warranted.</p> Miloš Lazić Amra Mačak Hadžiomerović Arzija Pašalić Samir Bojičić Copyright (c) 2022 Miloš Lazić, Amra Mačak Hadžiomerović, Arzija Pašalić, Samir Bojičić 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 12 3 223 230 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1867 Risk assessment in biomedical laboratories – occupational safety and health aspects <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Laboratory personnel (LP) represent a high-risk group of healthcare workers for whom the primary laboratory environment and specific work activities are a major source of potential exposure to health hazards. This study aimed to evaluate the developed matrix and assess risk based on self-assessment.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This multicenter, qualitative, and cross-sectional study was conducted on LP employed in biomedical laboratories. The respondents were divided into groups according to their territorial affiliation. The data collection tool used was a six-area questionnaire distributed online through a network of professional associations. For the risk assessment, a matrix was developed with scores ranging from 0 to 650, dividing the risk level into four categories. Descriptive and inferential statistical methods were used for the statistical analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The developed model combined the classification of risk and risk factors with a certainty of p &lt; 0.001. The regression analysis showed that working conditions had the greatest influence on overall risk, followed by physical, biological, and chemical hazards. Of the 640 respondents, the medium risk category was the highest in European Union (EU) countries (81.2%). Comparing the values in the high-risk category between the Bosnians and Herzegovinians (BiH) group and the Republic of Serbia, Republic of Northern Macedonia, and Montenegro (SCM) group with the EU group, a doubling (16.6%: 36.7%) and tripling (16.6%: 52.1%) of the proportion was found, respectively (p &lt; 0.001). Overall, 1.7% of the LPs from BiH fell into the high-risk category.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The designed matrix provides a reliable basis for identifying risk predictors in the study population and can serve as a useful tool for conducting risk assessments in biomedical laboratories. The results of the risk assessment indicate significant differences between the studied groups and highlight the need for increased control of BiH workplaces through new regulatory requirements.</p> Arzija Pašalić Sabina Šegalo Daniel Maestro Jasmina Biščević-Tokić Anes Jogunčić Mirsad Panjeta Berina Hasanefendić Copyright (c) 2022 Arzija Pašalić, Sabina Šegalo, Daniel Maestro, Jasmina Biščević-Tokić, Anes Jogunčić, Mirsad Panjeta, Berina Hasanefendić 2023-01-20 2023-01-20 12 3 231 237 10.17532/jhsci.2022.2044