Journal of Health Sciences <div style="display: none; text-align: left; padding: 10px 10px 10px 10px; margin: 0px; background-color: #cee3f6; color: #690000; border-radius: 3px; width: 100%;"><strong>ⓘ </strong>Please note that the website of the Journal of Health Sciences will undergo scheduled maintenance on Sunday, 30 May 2021<strong>. </strong></div> <div style="display: none; text-align: left; padding: 10px 10px 10px 10px; margin: 0px; background-color: #ffd7d7; color: #690000; border-radius: 3px; width: 100%;"><strong>ⓘ Notice to readers and authors: </strong>The is a duplicate and fake website of the Journal of Health Sciences, created by a malicious third party, fraudulently offering academicians the opportunity to rapidly publish their research online for a fee. The legitimate website of the Journal of Health Sciences is <strong></strong>. <br />If you have been a victim of the fraudulent website please report it here: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow"></a></div> <div> <p><strong><em><br />The Journal of Health Sciences</em></strong> is an international, open access, peer-reviewed, and evidence-based scientific journal published by the University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Health Studies (UNSA FHS; <a href=""> ;</a> <a href="" rel="noopener nofollow"></a>).</p> <p>The Journal's mission is to promote excellence in nursing and a range of disciplines and specialties of <a href="" rel="noopener nofollow">allied health professions</a>. It welcomes submissions from international academic and health professionals community. The Journal publishes evidence-based articles with solid and sound methodology, clinical application, description of best clinical practices, and discussion of relevant professional issues or perspectives. Articles can be submitted in the form of research articles, reviews, case reports, and letters to the editor or commentaries.</p> </div> <div> <p>The Journal's priorities are papers in the fields of nursing, physical therapy, medical laboratory science, environmental health, and medical imaging and radiologic technologies. Relevant articles from other disciplines of <a href="" rel="noopener nofollow">allied health professions</a> may be considered for publication.</p> <p>It follows publishing standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (<a href=""><strong>ICMJE</strong></a>), Committee on Publication Ethics (<a href=""><strong>COPE</strong></a>), and the World Association of Medical Editors (<a href=""><strong>WAME</strong></a>).</p> <p><strong>This journal is indexed or abstracted by</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow"><strong>SCOPUS</strong></a>, <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow">EBSCO</a></strong>, <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow">DOAJ</a></strong>, <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow">Scilit</a></strong>, <strong><a href=";user=fOhsyZ8AAAAJ&amp;view_op=list_works" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow">Google Scholar</a></strong>, <strong><a href=";order=date" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow">Dimensions</a></strong>, <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow">Researcher</a></strong>, <strong><a href=";tip=sid&amp;clean=0" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow">Scimago</a></strong>, PROQUEST, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow"><strong>ScienceOpen</strong></a>, <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow">MIAR</a></strong>, <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener nofollow">Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE)</a></strong>, CAB Abstracts, ULRICH'S, Academic Journal Database, Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek, Index Copernicus, Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, and other libraries.</p> </div> University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Health Sciences en-US Journal of Health Sciences 2232-7576 Allied health workers’ role in patient education in the United States <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Patient education (PE) has been traditionally seen as the role of nurses and physicians, while allied health workers (AHWs)-who make up the biggest population of the US healthcare workforce-are sometimes reduced to providing supportive roles. This article reviews the available literature on the role of AHWs in providing PE in the US.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> This review was based on a search of the databases Academic Search Ultimate; Health Source-Consumer Edition; Health Source-Nursing/Academic Edition and MEDLINE initially conducted between January 10 and February 3, 2021, and later re-done between December 20 and December 22, 2021. This review applied guidelines for narrative reviews (Ferrari 2015). The search looked at papers published between 2001 and 2021, which discussed allied health professions relevant to the US health system.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> The review derived 18 articles from the search and two articles from the reference lists of the 18 articles. The review found that AHWs seldom performed PE, although the profession of physical therapy made efforts to formalize participation in PE. It also found that expansion of roles for AHWs was warranted, although additional training may be required to develop effective PE competencies among AHWs. Finally, it found existing challenges such as interprofessional rivalries and time limitations that affected the incorporation of AHWs in PE.<br /><strong>Conclusions:</strong> AHWs have untapped potential to contribute more to the US health system through delivery of effective PE. Policy adjustments are needed to maximize the input of AHWs in PE. Increased interprofessional collaboration in the US health system is needed to facilitate the extension of PE roles to AHWs. Further research is needed to better understand the factors limiting AHWs’ involvement in PE.</p> Walter Moyoh Kaboni W. Gondwe Panayiota Andreou Elena Philippou Alexia Papageorgiou Copyright (c) 2022 Walter Moyoh, Kaboni W Gondwe, Panayiota Andreou, Elena Philippou, Alexia Papageorgiou 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 1 9 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1562 Burnout syndrome in the banking sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Burnout syndrome in some European countries is recognized as an occupational disease. In the past time, it has been identified predominantly in the service sectors such as healthcare, social services, mental health and education, but later it started to be predominant in other occupations with high job requirements and time pressure. The aim of this study was to assess the presence of burnout at work among the bank employees of Sarajevo Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> A cross-sectional study was conducted in banks (n = 6) located in Sarajevo Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina, between January and April 2018. Employees filled out an anonymous questionnaire, after their written informed consent had been obtained. The study included employees regardless of their job positions and job seniority.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> The total number of surveyed employees was 260. There are not statistically significant gender differences (p = 0.854¸ p &lt; 0.05) compared to the total Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) score. Statistically significant differences in relation to the total MBI score were observed in the examinees who have been working in the banking sector between 15 and 20 years (p = 0.04; p &lt; 0.05) and examinees working temporarily &lt;2 h/week (p = 0.016; p &lt; 0.05), that is, more than 8 h/week (p = 0.015; p &lt; 0.05). Mid value and standard deviation of the score in the subscale of emotional exhaustion (EE) is 26.26 ± 11.15, which shows that one third of the examinees are in high risk of EE.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> We can conclude that less than one third of examinees are in high risk of burnout syndrome.</p> Zana Tafi Alisa Smajović Vanesa Škrijelj Ramajana Temimović Tamara Jovović Sadiković Samra Poturak Selma Karakaš-Osmanović Sanja Brekalo Lazarević Copyright (c) 2022 Zana Tafi, Alisa Smajović, Vanesa Škrijelj, Ramajana Temimović, Tamara Jovović Sadiković, Samra Poturak, Selma Karakaš-Osmanović, Sanja Brekalo Lazarević 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 10 15 10.17532/jhsci.2021.1504 Hidden association of knee-related disability with physical activities among community-dwelling older male Saudi Arabians with knee osteoarthritis <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The impact of knee osteoarthritis (OA) on physical activities of daily life was studied extensively among the elderly across the globe but not well understood in the Saudi Arabian populace with cultural consideration. This paper assessed the association between knee flexion range of motion (ROM) and ritual physical activities among elderly males due to knee OA.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> A cross-sectional study with a sample of 139 males aged 56–74 years diagnosed with knee OA recruited at prayer places. The subjective evaluation was carried using a disease-specific Arabic knee physical functional questionnaire Knee injury and OA Outcome Score-Physical Function Short form (KOOS-PS), and the anthropometric measure of knee flexion ROM was objectively measured by a manual goniometer.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> The mean and standard deviation of the study sample age, height, weight, and body mass index were 66.9 ± 4.09 years, 158.4 ± 6.1 cm, 74.6 ± 7.1 kg, and 29.6 ± 1.9 kg/m2, respectively. The mean, standard deviation and median of the knee flexion ROM and Arabic-KOOS-PS Questionnaire score were 100.7 ± 7.9, 101.5 and 12.9 ± 13.7, 13.4. The non-parametric Spearman correlation coefficient between the knee stiffness and KOOS-PS physical activities resulted very strong positively correlation, r = 0.967.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> A strong positive correlation has been found between hidden knee disability and ritual physical activities among male cohorts in Saudi cultural community with knee OA</p> Mahamed Ateef Copyright (c) 2022 Mahamed Ateef 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 16 21 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1445 Examination between the measured and estimated parameters of the participants in the Hungarian Defence Forces Body Composition Program <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The aim of the research was to analyze the - Introduced in 2015 as a new force protection capability - Hungarian Defence Forces Body Composition Program (HDF BCP) participants’ pattern of the measurement parameters and their relationship to each other, furthermore, to create a measurement protocol that can be used with large number of elements, which allows the estimation of strength and fat-free mass in the following.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> The examination was carried out between 2017 and 2020. Within the HDF BCP, the measured and estimated parameters of 283 volunteers between the ages of 18 and 67 years old. A total of 709 measures were made. A Premium Body Impedance Analyzer 500 (BIA) instrument was used for the examinations. In addition, a DYNA 16 strength meter (DYNA) was used which makes it possible to measure the grip strength of both hands at the same time. Statistical calculations are performed with R-Studio program.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> An increase in the phase angle is accompanied by an increase in the maximum hand grip strength (p &lt; 0.001). The full body strength increases with weight gain regarding both sexes in all age groups tested (p &lt; 0.001). Our linear regression model is suitable for estimating maximum hand grip strength using body weight, fat-free mass, age, and gender values (R2 = 0,74) and to estimate fat-free mass percentage based on body weight, maximum hand grip strength, and gender values (R2 = 0,78).<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The use of phase angle is an important indicator of a lifestyle change program. In the created linear regression model we will be able to estimate body fraction in significant numbers with high accuracy after measuring minimum parameters.</p> Attila Novák Beatrix Hornyák Zsófia Rázsó Szabolcs Szalánczi Andrea Sótér Csaba Nyakas Copyright (c) 2022 Attila Novák, Bea Hornyák, Zsófia Rázsó, Szabolcs Szalánczi, Andrea Sótér, Csaba Nyakas 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 22 28 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1597 Communication in interprofessional health care teams from the perspective of patients and staff <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The quality of communication among health care professionals is an important aspect of interprofessional teamwork. As there is a gap in research on communication in interprofessional teams as assessed by team members and patients, the aim of this study was to analyze interprofessional team communication and team participation in a Slovenian general hospital from the perspective of health care professionals and patients.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> This was a case report study using a multi-methods study with a survey (n = 150) and a qualitative approach with focus groups (n = 27) and in-depth interviews with interprofessional team members (n = 22) and patients (n = 20).<br /><strong>Results:</strong> Interprofessional team members rated communication as relatively good, being least satisfied with equal participation in team communication, especially communication with physicians due to interdisciplinary rivalry. Nursing assistants particularly emphasized the lack of time for communication with patients, dissatisfaction with communication with physicians, and overload with documentation. The patients were relatively satisfied with the communication of the team members. However, they criticized the lack of communication between team members and patients and inconsistent messages of team members.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Communication in interprofessional teams was moderately good in this setting. Low staffing was a primary driver of communication problems</p> Karmen Erjavec Nastja Knavs Klemen Bedenčič Copyright (c) 2022 Karmen Erjavec, Nastja Knavs, Klemen Bedenčič 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 29 37 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1591 Estimating neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism test performance <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Newborn screening (NBS) is a system of organized search in the entire neonatal population for specific diseases. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, two diseases are included in NBS, congenital hypothyroidism (CH), and phenylketonuria. The screening for CH is based on determination of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in blood obtained by heel prick method. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of NBS program for CH based on TSH and establish the mean age of diagnosis of CH.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> TSH was measured by time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (DELFIA Neonatal hTSH kit). The TSH cutoff value was 9 μU/mL. Neonates with TSH &lt; 9 μU/mL had a negative NBS result. Neonates with TSH ≥ 9 μU/mL were recalled for a confirmation test and thyroid hormones were determined from venous blood to establish diagnosis of CH.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> A total of 24,351 neonates were subjected to NBS in our institution. A total of 164 newborns with TSH ≥ 9 μU/ml were sent to additional testing (mean recall rate of 0.68%) at a mean age of 11.4 ± 0.5 days of life. In this group, diagnosis of CH was confirmed in 22 neonates (13.41%). The mean rate of false positive results of NBS was 0.59%. The incidence of CH in Sarajevo Canton ranged from 1/2477 in 2018 to 1/641 in 2020. The mean incidence of CH over a 5-year period was 1/1085, while the mean age at the time of diagnosis was 16.5 ± 1.2 days.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The analysis of NBS on congenital hypothyroidism data showed the satisfactory recall and false positive rate and indicated well selected TSH cutoff value. The mean age at the time of diagnosis assures early treatment and good neurological outcome in neonates with CH.</p> Emina Hadžimuratović Suada Branković Admir Hadžimuratović Sniježana Hasanbegović Irmina Sefić-Pašić Džan Ahmed Jesenković Amila Hadžimuratović Emina Opanković Amila Agić Copyright (c) 2022 Emina Hadžimuratović, Suada Branković, Admir Hadžimuratović, Sniježana Hasanbegović, Irmina Sefić-Pašić, Džan Ahmed Jesenković, Amila Hadžimuratović, Emina Opanković, Amila Agić 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 38 40 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1638 Stress-induced behavioral changes in Iraqi dentistry academics during the COVID-19 outbreak <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Studies of dental practitioners performed around the world demonstrate that COVID-19 pandemic negatively impacts their daily activities lives, social functions, and health-care providing duties. The aim of the study is to evaluate the pandemic-induced psychological stress and associated factors on dental academics in Iraq.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> We conduct an observational study using a self-administered survey to obtain data from dental academics in many colleges of dentistry within Baghdad city. A closed-ended questionnaire was utilized, to assess post-traumatic responses to particular events. The Impact of Event Scale was used to assess the level of stress in the first of two outcomes. The second depicts the effects of COVID-19 on behavioral changes.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> A total of 108 participants from seven colleges in Bagdad responded. About 38% reported a state of severe stress, 46.3% showed moderate stress, and 13.9% complained of mild states of stress. Stress levels were found to be substantially linked to fear of infection, worries about professional responsibilities, and limited mobility.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The pandemic stress induces psychological and behavioral changes on the Iraqi dental educators, which can never be eliminated.</p> Mustafa Samir Mahmood Al-Shaikhli Aisha Muthanna Shanshal Saad Abdulrahman Hussain Copyright (c) 2022 Mustafa Samir Mahmood Al-Shaikhli, Aisha Muthanna Shanshal, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 41 46 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1627 Influence of nurse performance on children’s anxiety and pain during venipuncture procedures: An observational study <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Venipuncture has been practiced for centuries and is still one of the most common invasive procedures in health care. However, practice varies considerably between countries and between institutions and individuals within the same country. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between nurses’ clinical performance and the level of pain and anxiety experienced by children during venipuncture procedures.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> Participants were conveniently enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study, the pain and anxiety levels of 400 children aged 6-12 years old were measured and correlated with measurements of clinical performance by 20 nurses during the venipuncture procedure. A major pediatric hospital in Iraqi Kurdistan recruited patients for 3 months between September 2019 and August 2020.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> The study found that there was no statistically significant difference in the overall clinical performance of male and female nurses or between those who worked in different departments. However, nurses with a higher level of education, whether working in the public or private sector, had higher levels of clinical performance. The level of pain and anxiety of children during venipuncture decreased significantly in relation to increased levels of nurse performance (r-values: −0.137 and −0.137), which included both their pain-related performance (r-values: −0.224 and −0.229) and their anxiety-related performance (r-values: −0.177 and −0.204; p &lt; 0.0001). The factors contributing to higher levels of clinical performance by the nurses during venipuncture procedures were a higher level of education, sufficient sleep and working in the medical department, being older in age, and having longer clinical experience.<br /><strong>Conclusions:</strong> This study highlights that children’s pain and anxiety decreased when nurses’ clinical performance levels increased. The levels of pain and anxiety in the children were significantly decreased in those patients who received better clinical treatment from nurses during the venipuncture procedure.</p> Sherzad Khudeida Suleman Margareta Halek Karin Enskär Akram Atrushi Copyright (c) 2022 Sherzad Khudeida Suleman, Margareta Halek, Karin Enskär, Akram Atrushi 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 47 54 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1624 Sedentary habits and physical health of secondary school students in online classes during the pandemic COVID-19 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Due to the declaration of a state of emergency in the country due to the pandemic COVID-19, the education system was changed to online teaching. The implementation of distance education has led to an increased sedentary lifestyle, decreased physical activity, and increased use of information technologies. The purpose of this study was to analyze the sedentary habits of female students and their physical health during a period of restricted physical activity with reference to online instruction.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> The research was conducted among the first to third grade students of Secondary School Konjic, 45 days after the implementation of online instruction. Students of general secondary school (N = 83), business school (N = 68), and medical school (N = 55) completed the questionnaire after their parents gave their consent.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> The total number of students surveyed was 206, with students from all three schools studied participating in online classes for up to 4 hours. Medical school students spend more than 3 hours completing schoolwork, while students at the other two schools spend up to 2 hours. Statistically significant differences in non-use of information technology during free time exist among medical students (p = 0.00). Female medical students reported daily symptoms such as headaches, reactions to the visual organ (dry eye, redness, and tearing), and pain in the fist area (twitching, cramps, and tingling). Statistically significant differences in the occurrence of pain in the upper back and chest girdle occurred in students of business school (p = 0.00) and general high school (p = 0.00) compared to medical students.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Medical students who use information technology the most reported headaches, pain in the fist area, and frequent reactions to the sense of sight (dry eye, lacrimation, and redness). Assuming inappropriate positions during prolonged use of technology may contribute to poor posture.</p> Nejra Ćibo Hana Omerović Amar Žilić Zarema Obradović Đemil Omerović Edina Tanović Copyright (c) 2022 Nejra Ćibo, Hana Omerović, Amar Žilić, Zarema Obradović, Đemil Omerović, Edina Tanović 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 55 61 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1648 Validity and reliability of the theory of planned behavior questionnaire on the balanced dietary behavior of adolescents in a post-disaster area <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The assessment of mediator components of behavior change based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) can be carried out with a questionnaire instrument. Meanwhile, the questionnaire to assess the mediator of adolescents’ balanced dietary behavior in post-disaster areas has not yet been developed. Failure to recognize nutritional problems in this period can increase morbidity and mortality. Therefore, this present study attempts to provide the overview of the implementation of content and face validity as well as reliability of the TPB questionnaire on the balanced dietary behavior of adolescents in the post-disaster area by taking a study case in Palu City, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> By involving nine expert panelists, the content validity was conducted qualitatively and quantitatively by calculating the Content Validity Index (CVI) and Kappa statistics scores. Face validity was conducted qualitatively by interviewing ten adolescents’. Meanwhile, Cronbach’s Coefficient Alpha was calculated to measure the reliability by interviewing 30 adolescents aged 15–17 years old living in the disaster site with their mothers during the massive disaster in 2018.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> The results showed that the Item CVI and the kappa statistics scores were between 0.75 and 1 and 0.72 and 1, respectively. The final version of the questionnaire was resolved based on the panelists’ recommendation, the face validity’s findings, and the results of the questionnaire reliability assessment. There were 14 items of attitude, 12 items of subjective norms, 17 items of behavioral control, and eight items of intention components with acceptable questionnaire reliabilities.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Overall, the TPB questionnaire on the balanced dietary behavior of adolescents has excellent validity and reliability to measure the mediator of balanced dietary behavior changes of adolescents.</p> Nikmah Utami Dewi Ali Khomsan Cesilia Meti Dwiriani Hadi Riyadi Ikeu Ekayanti Nurulfuadi Nurulfuadi Copyright (c) 2022 Nikmah Utami Dewi, Ali Khomsan, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani, Hadi Riyadi, Ikeu Ekayanti, Nurulfuadi 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 62 73 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1525 Evaluating an online well-being program for college students during the COVID-19 pandemic <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The global COVID-19 pandemic has aggravated challenges involving college students’ mental health and well-being. Some literature suggested developing online programs to address the pandemic’s impact on college students’ mental health and well-being. Thus, this study assessed if significant improvement in well-being among college students can be observed after introducing an online well-being program.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> The study utilized a quantitative methodology, mainly using a two-group pretest-posttest design on 178 college students in a private college and state university. The experimental group received 3 months of the well-being program while the control resumed their activities of daily living (ADL). The modified positive emotion, engagement, relationship, meaning, and accomplishment (PERMA) profiler questionnaire was the primary evaluation instrument that measured the participants’ well-being. The first phase gathered the participants’ relevant profile and background, and the last phase concluded with the evaluation of the program. Data were analyzed using SPSS v.21.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> Based on the post-evaluation PERMA scores, the experimental participants (M = 7.21, SD 1.70) did not differ much from the control (M = 7.07, SD = 1.55) according to a t-test t(176) = –1.07, p = 0.57 as computed using a two-sample independent t-test at a significance level of α = 0.05. The overall PERMA score description is normal functioning. The Pearson correlation of the experimental group’s pre-test and post-test scores (r(91) = 0.01, p = 0.904) and the control (r(83) = 0.04, p = 0.732) group did not indicate an evidence of a significant relationship.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The results do not provide evidence of a significant difference and relationship between the experimental participants’ pre-test and post-test PERMA scores after the online well-being program.</p> Resti Tito H. Villarino Maureen Lorence F. Villarino Maria Concepcion L. Temblor Nilde T. Chabit Christopher Asuncion L. Arcay Grace B. Gimena Prosper Bernard Michel Plaisent Copyright (c) 2022 Resti Tito H. Villarino, Maureen Lorence F. Villarino, Maria Concepcion L. Temblor, Nilde T. Chabit, Christopher Asuncion L. Arcay, Grace B. Gimena, Prosper Bernard, Michel Plaisent 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 74 82 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1631 Attitudes of female respondents about the use of immunity supplements before and during the COVID-19 pandemic <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> With the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, people’s dietary habits have changed, so the importance of additional supplementation has become a current topic. The aim of this study is to analyze the attitude of female respondents toward dietary supplementation before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> The research is a cross-sectional study conducted in two different time periods. The sample consisted of two female subsamples who purchased immunity preparations from Verdant Pharmacy before the pandemic (n = 81) and during the pandemic (n = 120). Female respondents in both subsamples were: Of the same age, in the same health condition, residing in the same area (municipality), users of a local pharmacy located near the health center. The research instrument was a non-standardized questionnaire “Assessment of attitudes towards nutritional supplementation,” which consisted of nine questions.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> During the pandemic COVID-19, the attitude toward the use of preparations to strengthen immunity differs by 7% compared to the pre-pandemic check. The attitude toward the use of preparations to strengthen immunity throughout the year increased by 32.3% (53.3%) during the pandemic, and the attitude toward the choice of preparations to strengthen immunity changed by 13% during the pandemic COVID-19 based on own experience and by 17% based on the recommendation of the pharmacist.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The pandemic COVID-19 has contributed to a change in female respondents’ attitudes toward nutritional supplementation to strengthen the immune system during a pandemic. With the help of the media, public health recommendations, and people’s fear of disease, the COVID-19 pandemic led to a change in respondents’ attitudes compared to the pre-pandemic period.</p> Hana Omerović Nejra Ćibo Zarema Obradović Đemil Omerović Edina Tanović Emina Rovčanin Copyright (c) 2022 Hana Omerović, Nejra Ćibo, Zarema Obradović, Đemil Omerović, Edina Tanović, Emina Rovčanin 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 83 89 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1647 Application of rapid antigen tests in the prevention of the transmission of SARS-COV-2 in a hospital setting <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The pandemic of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) presented a major challenge to health-care systems around the world. To ensure the continuity of hospital care for patients with cardiovascular diseases, the clinic has formulated the strategy for prevention of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 across the hospital environment. The purpose of this paper is to present the strategy for the prevention of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in a healthcare facility, using Antigen Rapid Diagnostic Tests (Ag-RDTs).<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> A description of the work from the hospital committee for the prevention and control of the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic is presented. The hospital has adopted the zero-case strategy. Each positive Ag-RDTs test was sent for confirmation by real-time Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR).<br /><strong>Results:</strong> During the observed period, 6569 tests were performed at the Magdalena Clinic. Of these, a total of 6100 Ag-RDTs were performed, while 469 were recorded by RT-PCR test. Of these tests, a total of 181 tests showed a positive result, which is a share of 2.75% of all tests performed, of which 144 (2.19%) positive findings were detected among staff. In Ag-RDTs alone, a total of 86 positive people were detected, which is 1.41% of those tested on this type of test.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The use of antigen rapid diagnostic tests is an effective and reliable method for the early detection of asymptomatic individuals infected with SARS-CoV-2 in a hospital setting. This strategy can significantly contribute to the insurance of uninterrupted healthcare, providing regular workflow processes, and the care of patients in the safest possible way.</p> Dijana Babić Branko Kolarić Maša Šams Bival Mihajlo Šesto Copyright (c) 2022 Dijana Babić, Branko Kolarić, Maša Šams Bival, Mihajlo Šesto 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 12 1 90 97 10.17532/jhsci.2022.1618