Epidemiological characterisics of gastrointestinal infectious diseases and viral hepatitis A in the Canton Sarajevo

Authors

  • Zarema Obradović Institute for Public Health of Canton Sarajevo, Vrazova 11/IV, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina Faculty for Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, Bolnička 25, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Arzija Pašalić Faculty for Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, Bolnička 25, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Amar Žilić Institute for Public Health of Canton Sarajevo, Vrazova 11/IV, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2011.97

Keywords:

gastrointestinal infectious diseases, VHA, Canton Sarajevo, preventive measures

Abstract

Introduction: Gastrointestinal infectious diseases are a group of frequent diseases in developing countries as a result of industrialization in food production and often consuming of the food in public places. In Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Canton Sarajevo these diseases are frequent. The aim of this work is to investigate epidemiological characteristics of the most often gastrointestinal infectious diseases in Canton Sarajevo (Enterocolitis acuta, Toxiinfectio alimentaris, Salmonellosis, Amoebiasis) compared with Viral Hepatitis A and to estimate the need for the implementation of vaccination against this disease.
Methods: We used individual reports as well as monthly and annual bulletins about the movement of infectious diseases which are obligatory for reporting from the Epidemiology department of the Institute for public health in Canton Sarajevo. This work is a retrospective study, for the period 2005-2009. Descriptive- analytical method was used. In statistical processing we used mean, structure index and trend index.
Results: The research showed that gastrointestinal infectious diseases are registered in a huge number in all the observed years. The most often was Enterocolitis acuta, and the rarest was Viral Hepatitis A. The diseases were mostly sporadic. Distinct seasonality and coherence with warm months in the year is expressed in Enterocolitis acuta and Intoxicatio alimentaris, while the other diseases are registered during the whole year.
Conclusions: Incidence of gastrointestinal infectious diseases in Canton Sarajevo is high and we need to work intensively to improve sanitary conditions as the most eficient preventive measures. There is no justification for implementing of the vaccine against Viral hepatitis A.

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Published

15.04.2011

Issue

Section

Research articles

How to Cite

1.
Epidemiological characterisics of gastrointestinal infectious diseases and viral hepatitis A in the Canton Sarajevo. JHSCI [Internet]. 2011 Apr. 15 [cited 2024 Jul. 18];1(1):31-5. Available from: https://www.jhsci.ba/ojs/index.php/jhsci/article/view/7