The role of a dry needling technique in pain reduction

  • Eldad Kaljić Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Studies University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Namik Trtak Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Studies University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Dijana Avdić Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Studies University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Samir Bojičić Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Studies University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bakir Katana Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Studies University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Muris Pecar Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Studies University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Keywords: Dry needling, myofascial pain syndrome, pain intensity, trigger point

Abstract

Introduction: Dry needling is a therapeutic procedure using the insertion of thin needles through the skin into myofascial trigger points (MTrPs), muscular or connective tissue with the aim to reduce pain intensity. The objective of this systematic review is to analyze the literature for the efficacy of the dry needle technique in pain reduction in conditions of musculoskeletal pain caused by MTrPs.

Reference Sources: Web of Science, Scopus and EBSCOhost database were searched for studies and e-books published from January 2010 to December 2018.

Studies Selection: We included randomized controlled studies, prospective and longitudinal studies, and case studies which analyzed the efficacy of dry needling for musculoskeletal pain reduction.

Data Extraction Method: The studies, which satisfied criteria for inclusion were further analyzed. The primary instrument of the evaluation was pain intensity analyses.

Results: Dry needling treatment is efficient in pain intensity reduction in patients who suffer musculoskeletal pain and is more efficient compared to sham dry needling treatment. In addition, different techniques of dry needling are efficient in the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome.

Conclusion: Based on systematic review of the literature, dry needling, independently or as an addition to other intervention, is recommended for treatment of musculoskeletal pain conditions caused by myofascial trigger points. Various techniques of dry needling treatment are almost equally efficient in myofascial pain intensity reduction.

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The role of a dry needling technique in pain reduction
Published
2018-10-09
How to Cite
Kaljić, E., Trtak, N., Avdić, D., Bojičić, S., Katana, B., & Pecar, M. (2018). The role of a dry needling technique in pain reduction. Journal of Health Sciences, 8(3), 128-139. https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2018.610
Section
Reviews