Correlation of serum lipid profile and glycemic control parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Authors

  • Emina Panjeta Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Radivoj Jadrić Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Mirsad Panjeta Clinical Center University in Sarajevo, Institute for Clinical Chemistry and Biochemistry and Department of Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Jozo Ćorić Clinical Center University in Sarajevo, Institute for Clinical Chemistry and Biochemistry, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Amela Dervišević Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2018.488

Keywords:

HDL, lipid profile, diabetes mellitus type 2, DMT2, HbA1c, LDL

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus type 2 has become a global health-care problem of modern society due to a pronounced increase of prevalence to pandemic proportions and vascular complications. At present, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is widely accepted as a measure of glycemic control in established diabetes. The aim of this study was to analyze the lipid profile in serum of patients with diabetes mellitus type 2, and its relationship with HbA1c levels.

Methods: The observational cross-sectional study included 60 diabetic patients, 30 men, and 30 women, age 32–94 years. Patients were assigned into two groups based on HbA1c values; Group 1: HbA1c ≤ 7% (good glycemic control) and Group 2: HbA1c > 7% (poor glycemic control). We analyzed the concentration of glucose, HbA1c, and lipid profile including total cholesterol levels, triglycerides (TAG), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and high-density lipoproteins (HDL).

Results: Significantly lower values of glucose concentration, TAG and the ratio TAG/HDLc were obtained in the group of patients with good glycemic control. (p < 0.0005) Patients with good glycemic control had lower values of Castelli 1 and Castelli 2 index, and atherogenic index of plasma, compared to patients with poor glycemic control, but this difference was not significant. (p > 0.005) Our study revealed a significant positive correlation between HbA1c and triglyceride level (r = 0.375; p = 0.003) and HbA1c and ratio triglyceride/HDLc (r = 0.335; p = 0.009).

Conclusion: HbA1c can also be used as a predictor of dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetics in addition to as a glycemic control parameter.


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Published

10.09.2018

Issue

Section

Research articles

How to Cite

1.
Correlation of serum lipid profile and glycemic control parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. JHSCI [Internet]. 2018 Sep. 10 [cited 2024 May 24];8(2):110-6. Available from: https://www.jhsci.ba/ojs/index.php/jhsci/article/view/641