The connection between chronic diseases and self-image and self-esteem

Authors

  • Bojana Filej University of Novo Mesto, Faculty of Health Sciences Novo mesto and Alma Mater Europaea - ECM
  • Boštjan Žvanut Associate Professor
  • Boris Miha Kaučič College of Nursing in Celje & Alma Mater Europaea - ECM

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2018.483

Keywords:

elderly, self-esteem, self-image, diabetes, rheumatism

Abstract

Introduction: With aging, the incidence of chronic diseases among elderly increases, as about 88% of them have at least one chronic condition, with 50% having at least two. The presence of these diseases influences their self-image and self-esteem. This study aimed to identify the effects of chronic diseases on self-esteem and self-image in the group of elderly people.

Methods: A quantitative research design using a structured questionnaire was employed, where Rosenberg questionnaire with an adapted measurement scale was used for evaluating self-esteem, while Marsh’s adjusted Multidimensional self-concept scale was used for assessing self-image.

Results: The survey involved 51 respondents: 25.5% were male, and 74.5% were female, the average age of the respondents was 77.0 years. 60.8 % of them reported high blood pressure, 31.4% rheumatism, 25.5% osteoporosis and 23.5% diabetes. “Rheumatism” was statistically significantly associated with two elements of self-esteem: the “athletic self-esteem” and “inclusion”, whereas the claim for self-assessment “I can do things as good the majority of other people” was associated to the incidence of  “diabetes”.

Conclusions: The results of our study indicate that rheumatism, as a most common chronic disease among this population, has a significant impact on some elements of self-image and self-esteem. Further research should focus on the concepts of self-esteem and self-image of this population.

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Author Biographies

Bojana Filej, University of Novo Mesto, Faculty of Health Sciences Novo mesto and Alma Mater Europaea - ECM

Bojana Filej, RN, PhD, Assistant Professor

Department of Nursing

Assistant Professor (Nursing, Health Management)

Boštjan Žvanut, Associate Professor

Boštjan Žvanut, PhD, Associate Professor

Department of Nursing

Associate Professor

 

Boris Miha Kaučič, College of Nursing in Celje & Alma Mater Europaea - ECM

Boris Miha Kaučič, RN, PhD, senior lecturer

Department of Nursing

Vice-dean for Education, Senior lecturer (Nursing)

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Published

2018-04-03

How to Cite

Filej, B., Žvanut, B., & Kaučič, B. M. (2018). The connection between chronic diseases and self-image and self-esteem. Journal of Health Sciences, 8(1), 54–61. https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2018.483

Issue

Section

Research articles