The presence of risk factors for diabetes mellitus type 2 in patients of family practice medicine
Keywords:risk factors, diabetes mellitus
AbstractIntroduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 is a heterogeneous disorder of complex etiology that occurs in response to genetic influences and impacts of the external environment. There are numerous risk factors that
contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes such as: heritage, overabundant food and as a consequence of obesity in animals, physical inactivity, the presence of hypertension, psychogenic stress and many others. The aim of this study is to analyze and determine the existence of risk factors for type 2 diabetes in patients of all ages and both sexes treated in the general practice of the Health Centres for municipality Ilidza.
Methods: The research is cross-sectional study, which is carried out in February 2010 in the general practice of the Health Centres for municipality Ilidža. Research instrument was a questionnaire and anthropometric measurements.
Results: The results show us that in our sample 62% of patients had increased body mass index 25% of male respondents and 48% of females has waist I and II risks, both sexes are fairly large percentage (40%) inactive, a large percentage of respondents (52%) taking antihypertensive medications, 21% of respondents have a genetic predisposition of developing diabetes.
Conclusions: There is a risk of developing type 2 diabetes in a large percentage of patients. Risk factors, important for the development of type 2 diabetes, were present at more than half of examinees and promotion of health and healthy lifestyles is necessary in all age groups.