Body composition and maximal oxygen consumption in adult soccer players in the Republic of Macedonia

  • Jasmina Pluncevikj Gligoroska Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, University Ss Cyril and Methodius, Skopje
  • Sanja Manchevska Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, University Ss Cyril and Methodius, Skopje
  • Ljudmila Efremova Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, University Ss Cyril and Methodius, Skopje
  • Lidija Todorovska Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, University Ss Cyril and Methodius, Skopje
  • Slobodan Nikolic Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, University Ss Cyril and Methodius, Skopje
Keywords: body fat, muscle mass, maximal oxygen consumption, soccer players

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between active and passive body mass components and maximal aerobic consumption (VO2max) in adult male soccer players.

Methods: The study involved seven hundred (700) male soccer players, mean age 25.06 ± 4.41 years (range 18 to 35), divided in six age groups. Body composition was assessed according the anthropometric protocol by Matiegka, and relative muscle mass (MM%), bone (BM%) and fat (BF%)  and absolute muscle mass (MMkg), bone (BMkg) and fat (BFkg) components were calculated. The Bruce protocol (incremental multistage treadmill test) was used for the estimation of maximal oxygen consumption.

Results: Mean values of body mass components for total sample were as follows: muscle mass (MM%)= 52.75 ± 2.63%, bone mass (BM%)=16.63 ± 1.29% and body fat (BF%)=14.12 ± 1.54%.  Mean VO2max was 48.89±5.17 ml/kg/minute. Relative muscle mass (MM%) showed similar values across age different groups (ANOVA: F=2.174; p=0.06) while absolute muscle mass (MMkg) showed tendency of increment with age (ANOVA: F=2.136; p=0.01). Body fat (BFkg and BF%) was statistically higher in the older groups (ANOVA F=3.737; p<0.01; ANOVA F=4.117; p<0.01). Weak positive correlation between VO2 max and muscle component (r=0.243; p<0.001) and a weak negative correlation between VO2max and body fat (r=-0.08;p<0.05) were found.

Conclusions: Our results confirm the assumption that subjects with larger muscle mass have greater endurance and higher maximal oxygen consumption compared to subjects with larger body fat component. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Jasmina Pluncevikj Gligoroska, Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, University Ss Cyril and Methodius, Skopje
Department of Physiology
Published
2015-12-16
How to Cite
Pluncevikj Gligoroska, J., Manchevska, S., Efremova, L., Todorovska, L., & Nikolic, S. (2015). Body composition and maximal oxygen consumption in adult soccer players in the Republic of Macedonia. Journal of Health Sciences, 5(3), 85-92. https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2016.268
Section
Research articles