The importance of social support for elderly people

Authors

  • Jasmina Mahmutović Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0362-2660
  • Dalila Duhović Department of nursing, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Amela Salihović Department of nursing, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Suada Branković Department of nursing, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Amila Jaganjac Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Samir Bojičić Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17532/jhs.2024.2531

Keywords:

Elderly people, multidimensional scale of perceived social support, social support

Abstract

Introduction: Social support is not a one-way relationship but is based on the connections people have with other people, groups, and the wider community. This study aimed to assess the perception of social support by people in the third age and to investigate the correlation of social support with the sociodemographic characteristics of the respondents.

Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted with 147 elderly people who actively use the services of the Center for Health Promotion and Improvement “Generacija” in Sarajevo. The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) was used to assess social perceptions.

Results: The results show a weak negative relationship between age and the total scale (r = −0.199, p = 0.05), with older people having lower scores on the total scale. A significant relationship was found between the subscale other factors and age (r = −0.202, p = 0.05). The evaluation of the performance of daily activities correlates weakly with the evaluation of the friend’s subscale (r = 0.186, p = 0.05). The friend’s subscale correlates significantly with the quality of social life (r = 0.227, p = 0.05). The subjective assessment of the quality of social life after arriving at the center showed a correlation with the overall scale score (r = 0.182, p = 0.05) and especially with the friend subscale (r = 0.219, p = 0.05), with the increase in social life and the subscales examined in both cases.

Conclusion: Users of the “Generacija” center rate social support on the MSPSS with high scores, with users receiving the most support from family. The sociodemographic characteristics of the respondents have an impact on the perception of social support by the users of the Center for Health Promotion and Improvement “Generacija,” more specifically; they were statistically significantly influenced by age, the way of performing daily activities, the quality of social life and the quality of social life after arrival at the Center.


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Published

15.05.2024

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Research articles

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How to Cite

1.
The importance of social support for elderly people. JHSCI [Internet]. 2024 May 15 [cited 2024 Jun. 18];14(1):39-43. Available from: https://www.jhsci.ba/ojs/index.php/jhsci/article/view/2531