Association between stress and self-reported bruxism among students from University of Sarajevo during the COVID-19 pandemic

Authors

  • Alma Gavranović-Glamoč Department of Prosthodontics with Dental Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry with Dental Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5232-868X
  • Zinajda Šabić Student of Faculty of Dentistry with Dental Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0009-0006-0379-0142
  • Selma Alić-Drina Department of Prosthodontics with Dental Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry with Dental Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5920-5025
  • Sanela Strujić-Porović Department of Prosthodontics with Dental Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry with Dental Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7094-3862
  • Selma Jakupović Department of Restorative Dentistry with Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry with Dental Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Alma Kamber Department of Prosthodontics with Dental Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry with Dental Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7883-2331
  • Emir Berhamović Department of Prosthodontics with Dental Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry with Dental Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5347-3018
  • Lejla Berhamović Department of Prosthodontics with Dental Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry with Dental Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9997-9153
  • Amela Džonlagić Department of Prosthodontics with Dental Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry with Dental Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6073-5258
  • Bakir Katana Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Lejla Kazazić Department of Prosthodontics with Dental Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry with Dental Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1808-9181

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2023.2124

Keywords:

Student’s population, self-reported bruxism, stress

Abstract

Introduction: Stress among students is a growing problem. As emotional stress increases, the limbic structures and hypothalamus are stimulated, activating the gamma efferent system, which ultimately leads to an increase in muscle tone or additional muscle activity that can become repetitive behaviors such as bruxism. The aim of the study was to investigate the stress level that students are exposed to, to determine the difference between students in terms of gender, faculty, and year of study, and to evaluate the possible relationship between stress level and self-reported bruxism in college students during the pandemic COVID-19.

Methods: In April 2022, a cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of students from the Faculty of Dentistry and the Faculty of Pharmacy at the University of Sarajevo (BiH). The students answered a questionnaire consisting of two parts: The first part contained questions on basic personal data and data on self-reported bruxism and the second part contained questions on the perceived stress scale (PSS).

Results: The study included 756 students from both faculties. Analysis of stress levels among students revealed higher stress levels. Female students were more likely to be under stress than male respondents. Students in the Faculty of Pharmacy were more likely to be stressed than students in the Faculty of Dentistry. At the Faculty of Pharmacy, there was no difference in stress levels between the different years of study, while at the Faculty of Dentistry, the individual score for PSS was highest among 1st-year students. A high prevalence (46.8%) of self-reported bruxism was found among students in both faculties.

Conclusion: A slight positive correlation between self-reported bruxism and stress suggests that it is important to implement stress management strategies during academic education and to prevent bruxism and its consequences.


Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Published

30.09.2023

Issue

Section

Research articles

Categories

How to Cite

1.
Association between stress and self-reported bruxism among students from University of Sarajevo during the COVID-19 pandemic. JHSCI [Internet]. 2023 Sep. 30 [cited 2024 May 24];13(2):61-8. Available from: https://www.jhsci.ba/ojs/index.php/jhsci/article/view/2124