Longitudinal changes in the prevalence of dental fear and anxiety in 9–12-year-old children in clinical setting in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Authors

  • Elmedin Bajrić Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5634-2902
  • Amila Zukanović Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2511-7542
  • Nina Marković Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7213-533X
  • Amra Arslanagić Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Selma Zukić Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7263-0541
  • Lajla Hasić-Branković Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9489-4943

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2022.1799

Keywords:

Children, dental fear and anxiety, the prevalence

Abstract

Introduction: Dental fear and anxiety (DFA) is a ubiquitous entity among dental patients in terms of their prevalence and incidence. It is among the major clinical problems in dentistry. In addition, the differences in DFA prevalence were present considering the age and gender of patients and over time, but with some opposite reports. The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of DFA presence in children concerning their age, gender, and over time.

Methods: The survey sample comprised 200 of 9–12-year-old children. The DFA presence was determined twice by the modified version of the CFSS-DS scale (CFSS-DS-mod scale) during a 6-months long period between the first and the subsequent dental appointment due to the need for restorative dental treatment. The scale was applied before the restorative treatment started on both occasions.

Results: The prevalence of DFA was 17.5% in the study sample and decreased over time. It was slightly higher in girls.

Conclusions: The DFA prevalence in 9–12-year-old children is decreasing over time. Latent manifestations of DFA presence should be considered for evaluation in the future.

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Published

2023-01-20

How to Cite

Bajrić, E., Zukanović, A., Marković, N., Arslanagić, A., Zukić, S., & Hasić-Branković, L. (2023). Longitudinal changes in the prevalence of dental fear and anxiety in 9–12-year-old children in clinical setting in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Journal of Health Sciences, 12(3), 189–192. https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2022.1799

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Section

Research articles