Frequency of neonatal complications after premature delivery

Authors

  • Gordana Grgić Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Universitiy Clinical Centre Tuzla, Trnovac bb, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Elvira Brkičević Health Center Lukavac, Majevićkih brigada bb, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Dženita Ljuca Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Universitiy Clinical Centre Tuzla, Trnovac bb, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Edin Ostrvica Health Center „Dr Mustafa Šehović” Tuzla, Albina Hreljevića 1, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Azur Tulumović Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Universitiy Clinical Centre Tuzla, Trnovac bb, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2013.32

Keywords:

preterm delivery, prematurity, neonatal complications

Abstract

Introduction: Preterm delivery is the delivery before 37 weeks of gestation are completed. The incidence of preterm birth ranges from 5 to 15%. Aims of the study were to determine the average body weight, Apgar score after one and five minutes, and the frequency of the most common complications in preterm
infants.

Methods: The study involved a total of 631 newborns, of whom 331 were born prematurely Aims of this study were to (24th-37th gestational weeks-experimental group), while 300 infants were born in time (37-42 weeks of gestation-control group).

Results: Average body weight of prematurely born infants was 2382 grams, while the average Apgar score in this group after the fi rst minute was 7.32 and 7.79 after the fifth minute. The incidence of respiratory distress syndrome was 50%, intracranial hemorrhage, 28.1% and 4.8% of sepsis. Respiratory distress
syndrome was more common in infants born before 32 weeks of gestation. Mortality of premature infants is present in 9.1% and is higher than that of infants born at term.

Conclusions: Birth body weight and Apgar scores was lower in preterm infants. Respiratory distress syndrome is the most common fetal complication of prematurity. Intracranial hemorrhage is the second most common complication of prematurity. Mortality of premature infants is higher than the mortality of infants born at term birth.


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Published

15.04.2013

Issue

Section

Research articles

How to Cite

1.
Frequency of neonatal complications after premature delivery. JHSCI [Internet]. 2013 Apr. 15 [cited 2024 May 24];3(1):65-9. Available from: https://www.jhsci.ba/ojs/index.php/jhsci/article/view/133