Relation of diet and physical activity to obesity in children in elementary schools

Authors

  • Senka Dinarević Pedijatrijska Klinika KCU Sarajevo, Patriotske lige 81, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina
  • Suada Branković Fakultet zdravstvenih studija Univerzitet u Sarajevu, Bolnička 25, 71.000 Sarajevo
  • Snježana Hasanbegović Pedijatrijska Klinika KCU Sarajevo, Patriotske lige 81, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosna i Hercegovina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17532/jhsci.2011.100

Keywords:

nutrition, obesity, physical activity

Abstract

Introduction: The prevalence of pediatric obesity is increasing. Finding the most effective preventive measures for the development of obesity in each country requires accurate epidemiological data on the number of obese children and adolescents, and their habits regarding nutrition and activity. The objective of this study was evaluate diet and physical activity in primary school students in relation to the occurrence of obesity, to determine the prevalence of overweight, mark the basic causes of this phenomenon and to establish measures for treatment and prevention.
Methods: pupils 1-8. grades of primary schools were surveyed in written forms in terms of nutrition and physical activity, and measured height and weight, body mass index (BMI-body mass index) was calculated by which
was estimated the level of nourishment: BMI> p (percentile) 5-malnutrition, p 5-85 proper body weight, p 85-95 over-nutrition, p> 95 obesity.
Results: The study comprised 2329 pupils from 10 primary schools in the Canton of Sarajevo. Number of respondents by age and gender was balanced: I-IV 1077, V-VIII 1252; M-1226 and -1103 W. Obese and overweight was 22.46%, 62.53% of normal weight and 15 underweight, 01%. Most children eat a sandwich from school 34.63%, and food from the bakery 23.36% and 23.64% a sandwich from home. Still-dense juices are mostly drunk, even 22.34% of the students, a maximum of 52.8% water. Daily candy had taken 53.21% of all primary school students. 33.80% of the students were active on physical activity lessons and daily only 28.27%.
Conclusions: The overweight problem in relation to the way of nutrition and physical activity is evident. The most important factors in] uencing the development of obesity undernutrition of children in school, the high frequency of intake of sweets and thick juice, an inadequate level of
physical activity and sedanteran way of life.

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Published

15.04.2011

Issue

Section

Research articles

How to Cite

1.
Relation of diet and physical activity to obesity in children in elementary schools. JHSCI [Internet]. 2011 Apr. 15 [cited 2024 May 24];1(1):44-9. Available from: https://www.jhsci.ba/ojs/index.php/jhsci/article/view/10